Carrots: How to Grow this Survival Food Anywhere?

Carrots are a reliable survival food that can be easily grown in soil or containers, with taproots ready for harvest in under two months. Every part of the plant (root, leaves, seeds, flower) is edible and nutritious.

They have moderate soil and water requirements but thrive in sunlight. Seeds can be sown directly outdoors or seedlings can be transplanted from indoors to prolong the growing season.

Why is Carrot a Survival Food?

Carrots offer a good combination of nutritional value, relatively easy cultivation, and versatility in terms of consumption. This makes them a valuable addition to an emergency preparedness kit or a survival garden.

Carrots are a good source of beta-carotene, which the body converts into vitamin A, essential for vision and immune function. They also offer vitamins C, K, and some B vitamins, along with potassium and fiber. These nutrients are crucial for maintaining overall health, especially in survival situations where food sources might be limited.

Moreover, while not the longest-lasting food, whole carrots can be stored for several weeks in a cool, dark, and well-ventilated place.

Carrots can be grown in various climates with moderate temperatures. They don’t require extremely rich soil and are relatively pest-resistant. It’s also a fast-growing vegetable, requiring around 60–70 days to grow from seed.

It’s a crop that has been widely cultivated for centuries, being a key part of the famous Mediterranean diet.

How Many Calories per Square Foot a Year?

One square foot of carrot planting area can provide around 740 calories per year.

According to a conservative estimate, carrots can have a 2-lb yield per square foot of planting area while on average, one pound of carrots contains around 185 calories.[1]


Convert pounds to calories: 2 lbs/sq ft * 185 calories/lb = 371 calories/sq ft

But, in many regions, multiple carrot plantings can be done within a year. Assuming two successful plantings per year (adjust based on your climate), we multiply the calories per single planting by 2.

371 calories/sq ft * 2 plantings/year = 743 calories/sq ft/year

This estimate assumes you’re using the carrot root for consumption. The tops might also be edible, but their calorie content is minimal.

Note that this is an estimate and the actual yield can vary depending on several factors such as carrot variety, planting conditions, climate, and growing practices.

Are Flowers, Seeds & Tops Edible?

Yes, both the flowers and leaves of carrots are edible!

Carrot Tops

Carrot leaves, also known as carrot tops, are another edible and highly nutritious part of the carrot plant. They have a slightly parsley-like flavor with a hint of bitterness. Young, tender carrot tops are best for consumption.

You can chop them like other herbs or use them whole. A great way to add a fresh, slightly bitter flavor and vibrant color to salads. Carrot tops can be added to soups and stews for extra nutrients and a subtle flavor or blended with garlic, olive oil, and nuts to create a flavorful pesto or chimichurri sauce.

Carrot Flowers

Carrot flowers are technically edible and can be added raw to salads for a decorative touch. However, they have a mild flavor and are not as widely used as the carrot root or leaves. For the best flavor and texture, use young carrot flowers before they go to seed. The petals tend to become slightly bitter as the flowers mature.

Carrot flowers are more for aesthetic purposes than a significant flavor contributor.

Carrot Seeds

Yes, carrot seeds are edible! They offer a unique flavor profile and can be a nutritious addition to your diet.

Carrot seeds have a flavor profile often described as slightly nutty, earthy, and with a hint of spice or anise. They have a crunchy texture similar to other small seeds.

While safe to consume, carrot seeds have a strong flavor. Use them in moderation to avoid overpowering other ingredients. Carrot seeds are most commonly used as a whole or ground spice to add a unique flavor dimension to various dishes.

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Ensure you buy carrot seeds from a reputable source intended for culinary use, not planting.

Some commercially available seeds, especially those intended for large-scale agriculture, might be treated with germination inhibitors. These chemicals prevent the seeds from sprouting unintentionally during storage or transport. While the specific chemicals used are generally considered safe for agricultural purposes, they might not be suitable for human consumption.

Consuming seeds treated with germination inhibitors could potentially cause stomach upset or other health issues.

Can be Poisonous?

Carrot seeds and flowers themselves are not inherently poisonous.

However, while carrot flowers and seeds are safe to eat, there’s a risk of mistaking them for toxic lookalikes, especially for young children.

For instance, wild carrot plants bear some resemblance to Poison Hemlock (Conium maculatum), which is highly toxic. It’s crucial to be able to correctly identify the plant before consuming any part, including flowers or seeds.

Carrot seeds and flowers are generally safe to eat when obtained from a reputable source or correctly identified when foraging. The main concerns lie with consuming commercially treated seeds or mistaking them for poisonous lookalikes.

Is Carrot an Easy Plant to Grow?

Carrots are generally considered an easy plant to grow. While not entirely foolproof, carrots are a good choice for beginner gardeners.

How many Days to Grow Carrots?

Compared to some other vegetables, carrots have a relatively short growing season (around 50-80 days). This is advantageous in a survival scenario where you need to establish a source of food quickly.[2]

The number of days it takes to grow carrots depends on a few factors like variety and growing conditions.

Carrot varieties are classified based on their maturity time:

  • Early-season varieties mature the fastest, taking around 50–60 days.
  • Main-season varieties take a bit longer, maturing in 65–75 days.
  • Late-season varieties are slowest to mature, needing 75–80 days or even longer.

Carrots are typically planted in cool weather, either in early spring or early fall, depending on your climate. Planting too early or too late in the season can affect germination and maturity time.

Carrot seeds germinate best in cool weather, ideally around 55-65°F (13-18°C). Warmer temperatures can slow down germination and overall growth.

Common Cultivars

Here are some of the most common carrot cultivars grown in the US and Europe. All can play a beneficial role in weight loss and good health:

Imperator is a popular, long, and slender carrot variety with a vibrant orange color. It has a good flavor and stores well, making it a favorite among home gardeners and commercial growers alike.

Nantes is another popular variety known for its smooth, cylindrical roots and good eating quality. It matures quickly, making it suitable for short growing seasons. Nantes carrots are known for their sweetness and crisp texture.

Danvers half-long is a classic carrot variety with a slightly tapered, blunt-ended root. It is known for its strong flavor and good tolerance to colder temperatures. It’s a good choice for fall planting.

Scarlet Nantes is a shorter and stockier version of the Nantes carrot, with a bright orange color and a good flavor. It matures quickly and is well-suited for container gardening.

Mokum is a Dutch heirloom carrot variety known for its deep orange color and strong flavor. It has a good storage life and is a favorite among chefs. Mokum carrots can grow up to 12 inches long.

Purple Haze is a unique carrot variety with a purple exterior and orange flesh. It has a slightly sweet and nutty flavor and is high in antioxidants. Purple Haze carrots are a good choice for adding color and variety to your garden.

Atomic Red is another colorful carrot variety with a bright red exterior and orange flesh. It has a good flavor and is a good source of beta-carotene. Atomic Red carrots are a visually striking addition to any garden.

Yellow Bunch is an heirloom carrot variety with small, round roots that come in clusters. They have a sweet and mild flavor and are good for eating fresh or pickling. Yellow Bunch carrots are a good choice for adding variety to your diet.

Rainbow Mischung is a mix of different colored carrot varieties, including orange, purple, red, white, and yellow. They have a variety of flavors and textures and are a fun way to add color to your garden.

White Satin is an heirloom carrot variety with white roots and a sweet, mild flavor. They are good for eating fresh or roasting. White Satin carrots are a good choice for those who prefer a milder carrot flavor.

Which is Healthier?

In general, carrots with a deeper orange color tend to be higher in beta-carotene, a precursor to vitamin A important for vision and immune function. Varieties like Imperator, Mokum, and Atomic Red fall into this category.

Varieties like Purple Haze are known for their anthocyanin content, a type of antioxidant with anti-inflammatory properties.

Some carrot varieties might be bred for specific traits like sweetness, storageability, or faster maturity. These traits don’t necessarily affect overall nutrient density but might influence your choice based on your culinary preferences or gardening goals.

For antioxidant boost opt for purple varieties like Purple Haze.

Which one is Easier to Grow?

Here are some carrot varieties considered easier to grow for beginners:

Nantes matures quickly (around 50-60 days) and is known for its smooth, cylindrical roots and good tolerance to a wider range of soil conditions.

Scarlet Nantes is a shorter and stockier version of the Nantes, it’s well-suited for container gardening due to its compact size and fast maturity.

Danvers half-long is a cold-tolerant variety. While not the fastest grower, it’s a reliable choice for areas with shorter growing seasons.

How to Grow Carrots?

By understanding your climate and utilizing the appropriate planting strategy, you can maximize your chances of a successful carrot harvest!

When to Sow Carrot Seeds?

The best time to sow carrot seeds depends on your climate and desired harvest window.

Carrots prefer cool weather for germination and early growth. Ideal temperatures for germination are around 55-65°F (13-18°C). Carrot seedlings can tolerate light frosts, but not prolonged freezing temperatures.

Early Spring Planting

This approach works well in regions with mild winters and cool spring weather. Sow seeds 3-4 weeks before the last average frost date in your area. It allows for a longer growing season and potential for a harvest before hot summer weather sets in.

Protect seedlings from unexpected frosts with row covers if necessary. [BUY HERE]

Fall Planting

Ideal for areas with warm autumns and mild winters. Sow seeds 6-8 weeks before the first expected frost date in fall. Carrots can continue to grow throughout the cool fall months, leading to a fall or early winter harvest.

Protect seedlings from harsh winter freezes with mulch or row covers if needed. In some very cold climates, fall planting might not be feasible.

Successive Plantings

This strategy works well in areas with longer growing seasons.

Make small plantings every few weeks throughout spring and early summer, ensuring cool weather for germination. Provides a continuous harvest of fresh carrots throughout the season. Monitor weather patterns and adjust planting times based on temperature fluctuations. You might need to stop planting if summer heat arrives early.[3]

Check with your local gardening cooperatives or experienced gardeners for specific recommendations based on your area’s climate and typical growing season.

US Climate Zones: Generally, for the US, early spring planting (3-4 weeks before the last frost) is recommended in zones 6 and above. Fall planting (6-8 weeks before the first frost) might be possible in zones 7 and above. Refer to your specific USDA Hardiness Zone for more accurate frost dates.[4]

Europe: Planting times in Europe will vary depending on the specific region and microclimate. Southern regions might favor fall plantings, while northern areas might benefit more from early spring sowings.

Seeds & Seedlings

Growing from Seeds

Seeds are typically the most economical way to grow carrots, especially if you plan on planting a larger area. Moreover, you have the most extensive selection of carrot varieties to choose from, allowing you to pick specific colors, sizes, and maturity times suited to your preferences.

On the other hand, seeds take longer to mature compared to seedlings, and the germination process requires close attention to moisture and temperature. Additionally, seedlings emerge densely, and thinning is crucial to ensure proper root development. This can be a delicate task for beginners.

Tips for Sowing Seeds in the Field
Before Sowing

Prepare the Soil. This is crucial for good root development. Ensure your soil is loose, well-aerated, and free of rocks or large clumps. Sandy loam soil is ideal for carrots. Raised beds are a good option for providing optimal soil conditions.

Moreover, you could conduct a soil test to determine your soil’s pH level and nutrient content. Carrots prefer slightly acidic soil with a pH between 6.0 and 6.8. Amend your soil with lime to raise the pH if necessary.

Sowing and Spacing

Sow carrot seeds shallowly, about ¼ inch deep. Deeper planting can reduce germination rates.

Carrot seeds are small and tend to germinate densely. Here are two methods for achieving proper spacing:

  • Row Sowing: Sow seeds in shallow furrows about 12-18 inches apart. After germination, thin the seedlings to 2-3 inches apart within each row. This allows for proper root development and prevents overcrowding.
  • Broadcasting: Scatter seeds evenly over the prepared soil bed. This method is faster but requires more thinning later. Aim for a light scattering of seeds and thin rigorously to achieve the desired spacing of 2-3 inches between mature plants.

While not essential for germination, some light can be beneficial. After sowing, lightly cover the seeds with a thin layer of vermiculite or sifted soil to retain moisture and provide some darkness. Also, in cooler climates, using row covers over your planted seeds outdoors can help trap warmth and create a mini greenhouse effect, promoting faster germination.


Mixing a small amount of sand with your seeds can help with even distribution during broadcasting.

After Sowing
  • Watering: Keep the soil consistently moist, especially during germination. Avoid overwatering, which can lead to rot. You can use a watering can with a fine rose attachment or opt for a drip irrigation system for even moisture distribution.
  • Mulching: Apply a layer of organic mulch, such as straw or shredded leaves, around the seedlings after thinning. Mulch helps retain moisture, suppress weeds, and regulate soil temperature.
  • Thinning Reminder: Thinning is crucial for good root development. Don’t be afraid to remove excess seedlings to ensure proper spacing. You can use the thinned seedlings for microgreens in salads or stir-fries.
  • Weed Control: Keep weeds under control throughout the growing season. Weeding by hand is an effective option for small gardens. For larger fields, you might consider organic weed control methods like using fabric weed barriers or applying corn gluten meal.
  • Pest Protection: Carrots are generally not susceptible to many pests. However, watch out for carrot flies in some regions. Floating row covers can help deter these pests during the early stages of growth. [BUY FROM AMAZON]


For a continuous harvest, consider planting carrots in small batches every few weeks throughout the cool season, ensuring cool weather for germination.

Growing from Seedlings

Seedlings have already undergone the initial germination stage, so you’ll get to harvest your carrots quicker compared to planting seeds directly. Also, established seedlings have a higher chance of survival compared to delicate seeds, reducing the risk of failed germination. Most noteworthy, seedlings eliminate the need for thinning.

But, seedlings are generally more expensive than seeds, especially if you plan on planting a large area and the selection of carrot seedling varieties available at nurseries or garden centers might be more limited than what you’d find with seeds.

Tips for Faster Germination

Always use fresh, viable seeds from a reputable source. Older seeds might have lower germination rates.

Carrot seeds germinate best in cool weather, ideally with soil temperatures between 55-65°F (13-18°C). Avoid sowing seeds in warm soil, which can slow down germination. Keep the soil consistently moist. For areas with short growing seasons or persistent cool weather, starting seeds indoors a few weeks before the last frost and transplanting healthy seedlings outdoors later can give them a head start.

Soaking carrot seeds for a few hours (around 4-6 hours) in lukewarm water before planting can slightly improve germination rates. Don’t soak for extended periods, as this can damage the seeds.

If starting seeds indoors, maintain moderate humidity around the seedlings using a humidity dome or by placing the seed tray on a pebble tray filled with shallow water. Avoid excessive humidity, which can promote fungal diseases.

Germination typically takes 7-14 days under ideal conditions. Don’t disturb the seeds by digging them up to check for progress.

The ideal Pots for Carrot Seeds

The ideal pots for carrot seeds, when growing seedlings for transplanting later, prioritize depth over width to accommodate the carrot’s taproot growth. A minimum depth of 6 inches (15 cm) is crucial for healthy taproot development. Ideally, aim for even deeper pots (8-10 inches or 20-25 cm) if possible, especially for longer carrot varieties. Shallower pots restrict root growth and can lead to stunted or misshapen carrots.

The material of the pot depends on your needs. Plastic is lightweight, affordable, and readily available. However, plastic pots can dry out faster and might not be the most sustainable choice.

On the other hand, biodegradable options like peat pots can be planted directly in the ground when transplanting, minimizing root disturbance. However, they require more frequent watering. Clay pots can help regulate moisture levels, but they are heavier and more expensive.

What Soil should Use for Carrot Seed Pot?

Commercially available seedling starting mixes are a convenient option. They are typically sterile, well-draining, and contain some basic nutrients for germination. Look for a potting mix formulated for seedlings or vegetables, which typically have a lower nitrogen content. Too much nitrogen can promote excessive top growth at the expense of root development. [BUY FROM AMAZON]

You can create your own mix by combining:

  • 2 parts potting soil (preferably a lightweight, well-draining mix)
  • 1 part perlite or vermiculite (for drainage and aeration)
  • 1 part compost (for some organic matter and nutrients)

If using your own potting mix ingredients, consider sieving them to remove large particles or clumps that could hinder germination. A finer texture allows for better seed contact and even moisture distribution.

Some gardeners prefer soilless mixes like coco coir for seed starting. These mixes are lightweight and sterile but require careful moisture management as they can dry out quickly. If using a soilless mix, you might need to provide additional nutrients for the seedlings as they grow.


Lightly moisten your chosen potting mix before sowing your carrot seeds. This ensures the seeds have good contact with moisture for germination.

Tips to Buy the Best Carrot Seeds & Seedlings

Carrot seeds have a shelf life of around 2-3 years, but germination rates decline with age. Opt for seeds from the current or previous year’s harvest for optimal results. Look for “packed for” or “harvest date” information on the seed packet.

Seed packets typically contain enough seeds for a decent row length. Consider the size of your garden and how many carrots you want to grow when determining the quantity you need.

The seed packet is a valuable resource. It will provide information on variety details, planting depth, spacing requirements, and days to maturity.

Heirloom vs. Hybrid

Heirloom varieties are open-pollinated and you can save seeds from them for future plantings.

Hybrid varieties are often bred for specific characteristics and their seeds won’t necessarily produce true-to-type plants if saved.

Buying Seedlings

Choose seedlings that appear healthy and vigorous. Look for green, sturdy stems and fresh, unblemished leaves. Avoid seedlings that are wilted, yellowing, or have signs of pest damage.

If possible, gently check the root development of the seedlings. Opt for seedlings with a well-developed root system, as this indicates healthy growth before transplanting.

Similar to seeds, consider the variety of carrots being offered and choose one suited to your needs. Nurseries might not have the same extensive variety selection as seeds, so be prepared to choose from what’s available.

Can I Grow Carrot from Kitchen Scraps?

While you might get some regrowth of carrot greens, you won’t get a full-sized carrot root suitable for eating. Kitchen scraps are not a reliable method for producing mature carrots. There’s a chance carrot tops might have been treated with germination inhibitors, making them less suitable for regrowth.

Even if you see some green growth, it likely won’t be substantial or last for a very long time. The regrown greens might be suitable for a small garnish or adding a touch of carrot flavor to a dish, but they won’t provide a significant amount of usable greens.

The carrot root is the storage unit for the carrot plant. Once it’s cut from the main plant, it’s no longer actively growing and doesn’t have the same capacity to regrow a substantial root for food.

Starting from seeds is the recommended method for most home gardeners while planting seedlings is a good option for beginners who want a faster harvest.

How much Water?

Carrots need consistent moisture throughout the growing season, but not waterlogging. It’s a crop with moderate water needs.

During germination and early seedling development, keep the soil consistently moist but not soggy. Water gently to avoid disturbing the delicate seedlings. As the carrots mature and develop their roots, they require regular watering, especially during hot and dry weather. Aim to provide about 1 inch of water per week, either through rainfall or irrigation.

The best way to determine watering needs is to check the soil moisture level. Stick your finger into the soil about 1-2 inches deep. If it feels dry to the touch, it’s time to water.

Water your carrots early in the morning to allow the soil to absorb moisture before the heat of the day.


Water deeply and thoroughly rather than frequent shallow watering. This encourages deep-root development.

How much Sunlight?

Carrots are considered full-sun vegetables, meaning they thrive in locations that receive direct sunlight for most of the day.

For optimal growth and root development, carrots ideally need at least 6 to 10 hours of direct sunlight per day. This allows them to photosynthesize efficiently and produce healthy, flavorful carrots.

While carrots prefer full sun, they can tolerate some light shade (around 4-6 hours of direct sun). However, reduced sunlight hours might impact their growth rate and yield. You might see slower root development, smaller carrots, and potentially less sweetness.

Do they need Cover?

In very hot climates, newly emerged carrot seedlings might benefit from some temporary shade protection during the hottest part of the day until they establish themselves. However, this is usually not necessary in most regions.

If you notice the tops of your carrot plants wilting or the leaves turning yellow during the hottest part of the day, it might be a sign of sun scorch.

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What Soil is the Best for Carrot Cultivation?

The best soil for carrot cultivation is loose, well-draining, and fertile, allowing for optimal root development and a good harvest. Carrot roots need room to grow long and straight. Dense, compacted soil hinders root development and can lead to stunted or forked carrots.

Excess moisture can lead to root rot, a detrimental fungal disease. Soil that drains well prevents waterlogging and allows for proper air circulation around the roots. Sandy soil naturally drains well, while clay soil might require amendments like sand or compost to improve drainage.

Sandy loam is a great option, but other soil types can be amended to achieve the desired looseness.

While carrots need some nutrients for growth, overly fertile soil can encourage excessive top growth at the expense of root development. A balanced potting mix or garden soil amended with some compost can provide the necessary nutrients.

Carrots prefer slightly acidic soil with a pH between 6.0 and 6.8. You can test your soil’s pH level using a soil test kit and amend it with lime if necessary to raise the pH or sulfur to lower it.

You can control the soil composition in raised beds by filling them with a well-draining mix of potting soil, compost, and sand. It’s an excellent option for growing carrots, especially if your native soil isn’t ideal.

Adding organic matter like compost to your soil can improve its structure, drainage, and nutrient content while also promoting beneficial soil microbes.


Apply organic fertilizers before planting or as a side dressing a few weeks after germination. Avoid applying them directly on the seedlings, as the concentrated nutrients might burn them.

Types of organic fertilizers suitable for carrots are:

  • Composted Manure: A readily available and nutrient-rich organic fertilizer. Apply well-aged manure in moderation before planting and avoid direct contact with seedlings.
  • Bone Meal: An excellent source of phosphorus, which is beneficial for root development in carrots. Mix it into the soil before planting.
  • Cover Crops: Planting cover crops like legumes before planting carrots can fix nitrogen in the soil and improve overall fertility.
  • Compost Tea: A liquid form of compost that can be used as a foliar feed or soil drench to provide supplemental nutrients to your carrots during the growing season.

Benefits of Mixing Soil with Bio-charcoal

Overall, mixing biochar with your soil before sowing carrot seeds allows it to maximize its potential benefits for promoting healthy root development and potentially improving your harvest.

Biochar is a charcoal-like substance created by heating organic materials (biomass) in an oxygen-limited environment.

It has a highly porous structure with a large internal surface area. This allows it to absorb and retain water and nutrients, leading to a healthier environment for carrot roots and other crops. [BUY BIOCHAR HERE]

Should I Mulch Carrots?

One of the primary benefits of mulching carrots is its ability to conserve soil moisture. By creating a physical barrier on the soil surface, mulch reduces evaporation and helps retain moisture in the root zone.

Furthermore, mulch acts as an insulator, helping to regulate soil temperature. It keeps the soil cooler in hot weather, preventing the roots from overheating and potentially becoming misshapen or bitter. Conversely, in cooler climates, mulch can help retain some warmth in the soil, extending the growing season slightly.

Also, I add mulch to my crops because it effectively smothers weeds, preventing them from competing with your carrots for water, nutrients, and sunlight. This reduces the need for frequent weeding and saves you time and effort in maintaining your carrot patch.

Over time, organic mulch decomposes slowly, adding organic matter to the soil. This improves soil structure, drainage, and aeration.

Organic mulches like straw, shredded leaves, or wood chips are generally preferred for carrots.

Avoid using grass clippings or untreated sawdust, as they can rob nitrogen from the soil. Mixing undecomposed wood chips or other carbon-rich mulch into the soil can also temporarily tie up nitrogen in the soil as microbes break it down. This can starve plants of nitrogen, a crucial nutrient, if not addressed.

Apply a layer of mulch around 2-3 inches thick after your carrot seedlings have emerged and established themselves.

Can I grow Carrots in a Container?

Yes, you absolutely can grow carrots in a container!

Carrots don’t require a massive amount of space to grow, making them ideal for balconies, patios, or even indoor gardens with sufficient light.

Container gardening allows you to use a well-draining, fertile potting mix specifically suited for carrots, unlike growing in the ground where you might have less control over soil composition. Additionally, containers can help to deter some pests and diseases that might trouble carrots grown in the ground.

Choose a container that’s at least 12 inches deep and wide. This allows for enough room for root development. Opt for deeper containers for longer carrot varieties.

Do Carrots need Pruning?

No, carrots typically don’t need pruning in the traditional sense of removing branches or stems to control growth or shape the plant. Their focus is on growing their underground roots, and pruning them can actually hinder this process.

However, there are a couple of instances where you might intervene with the top growth of your carrots:

Thinning is a crucial step in carrot cultivation, not exactly pruning, but it involves removing some carrot seedlings to create space for the remaining ones to develop healthy roots. Refer to seed packet instructions for thinning guidelines. In most cases, it falls between 1 inch and 4 inches when the seedlings are young and actively growing.

Diseased or Damaged Leaves: While not strictly necessary, you can occasionally remove any yellowing, wilted, or diseased leaves from your carrot plants. This can help improve air circulation and potentially prevent the spread of disease. However, it’s not essential for healthy root growth and shouldn’t be a regular practice.

How are Carrots Pollinated?

Carrots are cross-pollinated plants, meaning they rely on the transfer of pollen from one flower to another flower on a different plant to produce seeds. Insects, primarily bees and hoverflies, are the main pollinators for carrots.

Carrot flowers are perfect, meaning they have both male and female reproductive organs (stamens and stigma) within the same flower.

How to Control Diseases & Pests Organically?

Preventive Measures

  • Healthy Soil: The foundation of organic pest and disease control is healthy soil. Amend your soil with compost or aged manure to improve drainage, fertility, and microbial activity. This fosters a robust ecosystem that can better resist pathogens and pests.
  • Crop Rotation: Avoid planting carrots in the same bed year after year. This disrupts the life cycle of soil-borne pests and diseases that might target them.
  • Seed Selection: Choose disease-resistant carrot varieties whenever possible. This reduces the risk of problems from the start.
  • Proper Watering: Water your carrots regularly to maintain consistent moisture in the soil, but avoid overwatering. Fungal diseases can thrive in overly wet conditions.
  • Weeding: Regularly remove weeds from your carrot patch. Weeds compete with your carrots for resources and can also harbor pests and diseases.

Beneficial Insects and Plants

Attract beneficial insects like ladybugs, lacewings, and hoverflies to your garden. These natural predators can help control pest populations. You can achieve this by planting companion flowers like dill, alyssum, or coriander near your carrots. These flowers provide nectar and pollen for beneficial insects.

Organic Pest Control Methods

If you encounter a specific insect pest problem, you can use insecticidal soap spray made from fatty acids. This is a broad-spectrum control option that can target aphids, leafhoppers, and other soft-bodied insects.

Neem oil spray is another organic option derived from the neem tree. It can be effective against a range of pests, including insects, mites, and some fungal diseases.

Organic Disease Control Methods

A baking soda solution spray can be used as a preventative measure against fungal diseases like powdery mildew. However, it’s important to note that baking soda can also raise soil pH, so monitor your soil’s pH level if using this method frequently.

Organic copper fungicides are available and can be used to control fungal diseases like blight. However, copper can build up in the soil over time, so use it sparingly and follow application instructions carefully.

Companion Plants

Repel Pests

  • Alliums (Garlic, Chives, Leeks, Shallots, Onions): The strong scent of alliums repels carrot flies, a major carrot pest.
  • Sage: The aromatic foliage of sage deters carrot flies and other unwanted insects.
  • Rosemary: Similar to sage, rosemary repels carrot flies with its fragrant oils and can potentially enhance carrot flavor.
  • Nasturtiums: These vibrant flowering plants attract aphids away from your carrots, acting as a trap crop. They also repel other insects like cucumber beetles and squash bugs.
  • Mint: The strong scent of mint deters aphids, flea beetles, and carrot flies.

Attract Beneficial Insects

  • Dill: The feathery foliage and flowers of dill attract beneficial insects like ladybugs, hoverflies, and parasitic wasps that prey on carrot pests.
  • Parsley flowers attract hoverflies, which help control aphid populations.
  • Borage flowers are a magnet for bees and other pollinators, and the plant itself is said to deter tomato hornworms, which can occasionally bother carrots.

Don’t plant dill or fennel too close to carrots. Their foliage can shade your carrots.

Improve Soil Health

  • Beans (Bush beans, Snap beans): Legumes like beans fix nitrogen in the soil, enriching it for your carrots.
  • Peas: Similar to beans, peas are nitrogen fixers that can benefit your carrots.

Provide Shade and Support Moisture:

  • Lettuce: The shallow root system of lettuce won’t compete with carrots for nutrients, and its leaves can provide some shade for young carrot seedlings, helping them retain moisture.

Other Beneficial Companions

  • Tomatoes (dwarf varieties): Despite being nightshades (like potatoes), some gardeners have success planting dwarf tomatoes alongside carrots. However, ensure proper spacing to avoid competition.
  • Beets mature faster than carrots and can help loosen the soil for easier carrot root growth. Their leafy greens can also provide some shade.
  • Radishes: Similar to beets, radishes mature quickly and help break up the soil, while their tops can provide some shade for carrots.
  • Turnips can deter pests and provide some shade for your carrots.

Never Grow these Plants with Carrots

Heavy Competitors

  • Corn grows tall and has a robust root system, potentially shading out your carrots and competing for water and nutrients.
  • Sunflowers: Similar to corn, sunflowers are fast-growing and can significantly shade your carrots.
  • Fennel‘s dense foliage can crowd carrots and potentially release allelopathic chemicals that stunt their growth.
  • Dill can also shade carrots if planted too closely.
  • Umbrella-shaped Herbs (Cilantro, Parsley if allowed to flower) can bolt (flower prematurely) and crowd your carrots. While they attract beneficial insects in their leaf form, flowering can potentially inhibit carrot growth.

Shared Pests and Diseases

  • Parsnips: These are in the same family (Apiaceae) as carrots and can attract the same pests as carrot flies.
  • Celery: While not a major risk, celery and carrots are susceptible to some similar fungal diseases.

When to Harvest?

A general rule of thumb is to harvest carrots when the shoulders (the top part of the root where it meets the green foliage) reach a diameter of ¾ inch to 1 inch. You can also carefully push aside some soil around a carrot to gauge its thickness.

Beyond size, consider the maturity of the carrot tops. If the carrot tops are still growing vigorously and lush green, the carrots themselves might not be fully mature yet. On the other hand, if the tops start to yellow or die back, it’s a sign the carrots are nearing maturity or may have even gone to seed.

Shorter-rooted and baby carrot varieties will be ready to harvest sooner than longer-rooted varieties. Seed packet information will usually specify the approximate harvest time for the specific variety you planted.

  • Early or Baby Carrots: These can be harvested as early as 50-60 days after planting when they reach a pencil-like thickness (around ½ inch diameter).
  • Main Season Carrots: These typically take 70-80 days to mature, and you can harvest them when the shoulders reach ¾ inch to 1 inch in diameter.

For main-season and late-season carrots, you can start with a partial harvest, thinning out some mature carrots while allowing others to continue growing for later use.


For some carrot varieties, a light frost can actually improve their sweetness. If you live in a climate with mild frosts, you can leave your carrots in the ground for a few weeks after the first frost to enhance their flavor.

Storage Tips

Cut off most of the carrot greens, leaving about ½ inch of foliage attached. The greens draw moisture from the roots, so removing most of them helps the carrots stay crisper longer.

You can leave a light layer of soil on the carrots for additional protection, or wash them thoroughly with cool water if you prefer. Just make sure they dry completely before storing.

Place the carrots in a clean, perforated plastic bag. The perforations allow for air circulation to prevent spoilage, while the bag retains some moisture. Store in the crisper drawer. This is the coldest part of the refrigerator and maintains a higher humidity level, which is ideal for carrots.

Also, you could place chopped or shredded carrots in an airtight container with a damp paper towel to add moisture. Store in the refrigerator for up to 5 days.

Keep carrots away from fruits that produce ethylene gas, like apples and pears, as this gas can accelerate spoilage.

How to Store Seeds for the Next Year?

Choose healthy, disease-resistant carrot plants to allow them to flower and produce viable seeds. Allow these chosen plants to mature past the point where you would normally harvest the roots. Opt for letting heirloom carrot varieties go to seed.

Carrot plants typically flower in their second year, so be prepared to wait. Depending on planting time and variety, flowering might occur in late spring or early summer the following year.

The seeds are ready to harvest once they turn brown and dry on the flower heads. The umbels might also start to turn brown.

Carefully cut the flower heads (umbels) with pruning shears before the seeds shatter and disperse. Place them in a paper bag or mesh screen in a warm, well-ventilated area out of direct sunlight to dry completely. Once the seeds are completely dry, you can gently thresh them by hand to separate them from the flower chaff. Alternatively, you can rub the dried umbels together over a container to release the seeds.


To ensure your seeds come true to type, it’s recommended to isolate your carrot plants from other flowering members of the Apiaceae family (like parsley, fennel, or wild carrots) during flowering. You can achieve this by planting them in a separate location at least 1000 meters away, or by using row covers to prevent insect access.

Storing Seeds

After threshing, clean and sort the seeds to remove any debris or immature seeds. Place the seeds in airtight containers with labels indicating the variety, date of collection, and any other relevant information.

Store the seeds in a cool, dry, and dark location. Carrot seeds can remain viable for up to 3 years under proper storage conditions.

20+1 Growing Hacks that I Wish I Knew Sooner

Choose the Right Time: Sow seeds in cool weather, ideally 2-4 weeks before your last expected frost.

Sunshine Seekers: Select a location with at least 6-10 hours of direct sunlight daily.

Loosen Up the Soil: Carrots prefer loose, well-draining soil. Amend heavy clay soils with compost or sand for better root development.

Seed Spacing Matters: Refer to seed packet instructions for specific spacing recommendations. Generally, aim for 1-2 inches between carrot seedlings at maturity for shorter varieties and 3-4 inches for longer ones.

Soak or Skip? Soaking seeds for a few hours before planting can encourage faster germination, but it’s not essential.

Direct Sow or Transplant? Carrots can be direct-seeded outdoors or started indoors under grow lights a few weeks before transplanting. However, transplanting can be tricky due to their delicate taproots.

Keep it Moist, Not Soggy: Water regularly, especially during germination and hot weather, but avoid overwatering, which can lead to root rot.

Water Wisely: Aim for deep watering that reaches the root zone, encouraging strong root development.

Thinning for Thriving: Once seedlings reach a few inches tall, thin them to allow for proper root development. Use thinned carrots for a tasty salad addition!

Mulch Magic: Apply a layer of organic mulch like straw or shredded leaves around your carrots to suppress weeds, retain moisture, and regulate soil temperature.

Compost Coffee Grounds: Coffee grounds can be added to your compost pile in moderation to enrich the soil for your carrots.

Hand-weeding Hero: Regularly remove weeds around your carrots to prevent competition for water and nutrients.

Rotate Your Crops: Don’t plant carrots in the same bed year after year. This helps prevent soil-borne diseases and nutrient depletion.

Organic Options First: For pest problems, try organic methods like insecticidal soap spray or neem oil spray before resorting to chemical controls.

Encourage Beneficial Insects: Provide habitat for ladybugs, lacewings, and hoverflies by planting flowering herbs or letting some clover grow in your garden. These natural predators can help control pest populations.

Buddy Up with Beneficial Plants: Plant companion flowers like dill, borage, or nasturtiums near your carrots to attract beneficial insects and deter pests.

Size Matters: The ideal harvest time depends on variety. Generally, aim for ¾ inch to 1-inch diameter at the shoulder (where the root meets the greens) for most varieties. Refer to seed packet information for specifics.

Gradual Harvest: For main-season and late-season carrots, consider a gradual harvest, taking some mature ones while allowing others to grow for later use.

Freshness First: Store unpeeled carrots in the crisper drawer of your refrigerator in a perforated plastic bag or container with some water to maintain moisture.

Root Cellar Bliss: If you have a root cellar, it’s an ideal place to store carrots for extended periods in a cool, dark, and humid environment. Pack them in slightly damp sand or sawdust.

Let Flowers: Allow some carrot plants to flower and go to seed in the second year for a chance to collect seeds for future plantings.

Other Key Foods for a Survival Garden

Here are other key foods you can grow in your survival garden:

Leafy Greens like lettuce, spinach, kale, and Swiss chard are packed with vitamins, minerals, and fiber. They are relatively easy to grow and mature quickly, providing a steady source of fresh produce throughout the growing season.

Beans are a great source of protein and fiber, and they fix nitrogen in the soil, improving its fertility for other plants. There are many different varieties of beans to choose from, with bush beans maturing faster than pole beans.

Peas are another nitrogen-fixing crop that provides protein and essential vitamins. They are cool-weather crops that can be planted early in the spring and again in the fall.

Tomatoes are a versatile food that can be eaten fresh, cooked, or canned. They require full sun and warm temperatures to thrive, but there are many different varieties to choose from, so you can find one that is suitable for your climate.

Onions are a staple in many cuisines around the world. They can be eaten fresh, cooked, or dried. Onions add flavor to food, and they also have some health benefits.

Garlic is a close relative of onions, and it has a similar flavor profile. Garlic is a good source of vitamins and minerals, and it has some health benefits. Garlic can be eaten fresh, cooked, or dried.

Peppers come in a variety of shapes, sizes, and colors, and they can be sweet or hot. They are a good source of vitamins A and C, and they can be eaten fresh, cooked, or dried.

Squash is a versatile vegetable that can be winter or summer squash. Winter squash stores well, while summer squash is best eaten fresh. Squash is a good source of vitamins A and C, and it can be cooked in a variety of ways. Winter squash in particular is one of the most important survival foods. It’s easy to grow, provides many calories per square foot, and stores for up to 7 months!

Corn is a good source of carbohydrates and fiber. It can be eaten fresh, cooked, or dried. Corn requires full sun and warm temperatures to thrive, and it needs to be planted in blocks to ensure proper pollination.

Sweet Potatoes are a good source of carbohydrates, vitamins, and fiber. They are a versatile crop that can be roasted, mashed, or baked. Sweet potatoes require full sun and warm temperatures to thrive.

Potatoes are a starchy root vegetable that is a good source of carbohydrates, vitamins, and minerals. They can be roasted, mashed, boiled, or fried. Potatoes require cool weather to thrive, and they should be planted in well-drained soil.

These are just a few of the many key foods that you can grow in your survival garden. By planting a variety of crops, you can ensure that you have a steady supply of nutritious food throughout the year.


Quiz: Benefits of Carrots for Weight Loss!

Unveiling the secrets and true power of fresh Carrots, Carrot Juice & Carrot Powder for Weight Loss & good Health | Fun Facts & Myths!


Carrot is the richest plant-based food in vitamin A.

Benefits of Carrots for Weight LossPin

Carrots support tooth health because they:

Carrot greens are edible!Pin

Can I eat carrots every day?

Carrots have a moderate sugar content.Pin

How many calories are in a serving of carrot cake?

Raw carrots have a few caloriesPin

Carrots have a medium glycemic index.


Ideally, how much carrot juice should I drink a day while dieting?


How many calories are in a medium carrot?

Carrots support Weight Loss & HealthPin

Carrots are rich in all B vitamins.


Carrot is an excellent dietary source of vitamin C.

Carrots are packed with NutrientsPin

Carrots enhance immunity due to:

Carrot greens are edible!Pin

Eating more than 3 fresh carrots a day can make me fat.

Benefits of Carrots for Weight LossPin

You can lose 10 lbs in 3 months if you start eating carrots instead of sweets.

Benefits of Carrots for Weight LossPin

Carrot powder is better than carrot juice for weight loss.


How many calories are in a glass of carrot juice?


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